How to scale up?

How to scale up?

IntroductionInstitutionsParticipationCapacity BuildingMonitoring & Evaluation
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    Studies have shown that the following are important for adoption of SLM:

     

     
     
     
     
    To create an enabling environment, four elements are especially critical:
     
     
     
     
    • short-term land productivity
    • short establishment time
    • easy to learn practices
    • access to information
    • secured land tenure
     
     
     
     

    Land users and technicians planning SLM interventions in a watershed, Kenya. (Hanspeter Liniger)

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     

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    Policies are needed to provide incentives for SLM investments at all levels, policies that address the root causes of land degradation, low productivity and food insecurity – which may include infrastructure, markets and security. This chart highlights the range of institutional, policy and market bottlenecks to SLM that exist in SSA today.
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

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  • SLM technologies need genuine participation of land users and professionals during all stages of implementation.

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    People-centered approaches: involving land users as their actions are central to shifting to SLM practices.
     
     
     
     
    Multi-stakeholder involvement to capture various interests and needs.
     
     
     
     
    Gender considerations: smallholder agriculture is seeing women take increased responsibility.
     
     
     
     
    Multi-sectoral approaches: SLM brings together knowledge and resources from subsectors, as well as government, non-governmental and the private sector.
     
     
     
     

    Local participation in SLM: a farmer field school, Tanzania. (William Critchley)

     
     
     
     

     

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    Capacity building empowers land users and prepares them in SLM planning, decision-making and implementation.  It includes raising awareness, promoting SLM, providing training and financial and/or material support.

     

    Capacity building activities can be channeled through:

     
     
     
     

    Training of farmers in the layout of contour barriers. (Hanspeter Liniger)

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

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    Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of SLM practices and their impacts are needed in order to learn from experiences - successes and failures. M&E can lead to important changes in SLM approaches and technologies.  Mapping of SLM efforts and areas under SLM are critical  and require M&E.  It helps raise awareness of what has been achieved, as well as justifying further investments and guiding decision-making.

    Another critical area is quantifying and valuing the ecological, social and economic impacts of SLM, both on-site and off-site.  Research on SLM seeks to incorporate input from land users, scientists from different disciplines and decision-makers. 

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Monitoring of river flow: Nanyuki River (Mount Kenya region) during the wet season (left) and during the dry season (right). The river started to dry up only as of the 1980s. (Hanspeter Liniger)

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    Monitoring of rainfall and river flow in February (dry season) document changes related to climate and impacts of land use. Timau River, Mount Kenya region. (Hanspeter Liniger, 2005)

     
     
     
     

     

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IntroductionStep 1Step 2Step 3
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    Land users, advisors and decision makers are faced with the challenge of finding the best land management practices for particular conditions. To help make decisions on spreading and adoption, click through the 3 steps above to answer a range of questions like the ones below:
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

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    “Decision Support Method” Step 1
     
     
     
     
    The first step for better decision support is bringing together stakeholders in SLM (e.g. a ‘stakeholder workshop’).  The aim is to identify existing SLM practices and strategies against land degradation. 
     
     
     
     

    Participatory stakeholder workshop, identifying and documenting existing and new SLM practices. (William Critchley)

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

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    “Decision Support Method” Step 2
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    There are many unknown/unrecognized SLM practices that serve as a knowledge base for land users looking to adopt SLM. Existing practices need to be documented and stored in a database.

    WOCAT has a standardized methodology which can be used.  A standardized knowledge base of SLM practices allows thorough assessment and evaluation of the impacts and benefits, while also facilitating comparison of different options. 

     
     
     
     

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    “Decision Support Method” Step 3
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    The challenge in up-scaling SLM is to decide on best practices and where to implement them using a multi-stakeholder process. Already-developed decision support tools can help evaluate the best options and set priorities.

    An additional resource in this step is a mapping methodology jointly developed by WOCAT and FAO-LADA, which generates information on degradation and SLM. This tool highlights where to focus SLM investments. It helps land users, advisors and planners in setting priorities for interventions selected to adopt. 

     
     
     
     

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New ways forward
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    SLM is a new way forward in addressing the global concerns of food security, poverty, water scarcity, desertification, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and biodiversity loss. Such new ways require a shift in the current thinking, particularly in technologies and approaches; institutional, policy, governance; and knowledge management and capacity building.

     

    The Figure below summarizes the shifts. These shifts create an enabling environment for SLM to deliver multiple benefits at the local, regional, national and even global level.

     

    Continue learning about various SLM practices and specific case studies throughout this knowledge platform and help spread the knowledge of SLM throughout Africa and beyond.

     

    Necessary shifts for enabling SLM in your community:

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    New ways forward: communities protecting their environment. (William Critchley)

     
     
     
     

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