Coffee growing is one of the most important productive activities in Burundi. Coffee, mainly of the Arabica variety, is the country’s primary export crop. Coffee accounts for more than 60 percent of all of Burundi’s export earnings, depending on the year. Around 2.3 percent of the country’s total land area is under coffee cultivation, and between 50 and 67 percent of all households depend on coffee farming for their livelihood.

A reform in Burundi’s coffee sector is currently underway dating back 1992 & 2008 (full implementation). The purpose of the reform is to restructure the coffee sector, focusing on the following processes: privatization of the industrial units (especially washing/depulping stations and hulling units), liberalization of government control among the production and export agencies, and reform of the state coffee institutions. 

To improve the reform process, a Rapid Strategic Environmental Assessment (R-SEA) was recommended. The goal of this R- SEA is to analyze the environmental and socioeconomic aspects along the entire coffee value chain to provide strategic direction for the sustainability of coffee production, processing, and commercialization. 

This report is divided into six sections: (i) introduction; (ii) a description of Burundi’s coffee sector; (iii) a brief explanation of the reform in the coffee sector; (iv) a description of the environmental and socioeconomic issues and gaps in the coffee sector, as well as recommendations for addressing them; (v) an action plan outlining priority activities to be developed in the short and medium term, and (vi) conclusions. Read in French