Sudan Eastern Nile Watershed Management Project
Project Development Objectives
The project development objective is to increase the adoption by the Eastern Nile Countries of sustainable land and water management practices in selected micro-watersheds in the Eastern Nile Basin.
Global Environment Objectives
Are to increase the adoption by the Eastern Nile Countries of sustainable land and water management practices in selected micro-watersheds in the Eastern Nile Basin, and develop a framework for integrated and sustainable management of the Lake Nasser/Nubia sub-basin.
Sudan Community Watershed Management Component (CWMP) To promote wider adoption of sustainable land and water management practices and technologies, reduce land degradation and increase agricultural productivity.
This component would be implemented in the Atbara, Bau (or Ingessana), Dinder, and Lau sub-watersheds in Sudan. The population of these areas comprises mainly small-scale farmers and pastoralists. Approximately 65,000 households are expected to benefit from interventions to be implemented under this component.
These sub-watersheds were selected by a process initiated by the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources using the following criteria: (i) they are the major sources in Sudan of sediments that end up in the Ni le River; (ii) they provide an opportunity to address land degradation in representative ecological systems in Sudan – desert, savanna, and wetland forest; and (iii) they have a demonstration potential for other watersheds in Sudan. Unlike the first three sub-watersheds, where on-the-ground interventions would be implemented, project support in the Lau sub-watershed would focus only on capacity building because of the severely limited institutional capacity (see Annex 4 for details on the project sites).
Building on lessons learned from successful pilots within and outside Sudan, interventions under this component would be implemented through the following two sub-components, (i) natural resource management, and (ii) sustainable agriculture.
Knowledge for Cooperative Action (KCAP) to strengthen the knowledge base and human resource capacity for cooperative action on watershed management in the Eastern Nile Basin. The Tana & Beles Integrated Water Resources Development Project in Ethiopia has an organic relationship with the proposed project and this component strengthens this link. At the regional level, project support would focus on facilitating training and exchange of information (including on best management practices) and expertise on watershed management in Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan.
This component is to finance technical and capacity building assistance, and incremental operating costs for the following existing regional, national, and local entities that would be responsible for the implementation of the proposed project. Implementation at the regional level would be led by ENTRO. National-level implementation in Egypt would be led by the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation and in Sudan by the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources.