Improving sustainable land and water management practices

Lead Agency:

World Bank


Environment Protection Agency


Isaac Acquah

Country Focal Point:

Isaac Acquah

Contact Information:


The Ghana Sustainable Land and Water management project will be a five-year GEF grant (from both the Land Degradation Focal Area [US$ 7.15 million] and the Biodiversity Focal Area [US$ 1 million]) to the Government of Ghana. The grant will be partially blended with the Social Opportunities Project (SOP), a SIL, and associated with (i) the Natural Resource and  Environmental Governance Program (NREG III), a multi-donor budget support operation which tackles land degradation policy issues in the environment, forestry and mining sectors, and (ii) the Agriculture budget support operation (AgDPO II) which promotes SLWM policy in agricultural land.

Project Development Objective

To (a) demonstrate improved sustainable land and water management practices aimed at reducing land degradation and enhancing maintenance of biodiversity in selected micro-watersheds, and (b) strengthen spatial planning for identification of linked watershed investments in the Northern Savannah region of Ghana. Key Indicators for PDO: – Area of land in selected micro-watersheds under new sustainable land and watershed management (SLWM) technologies (ha); – Management effectiveness according to METT score in Gbele Resource Reserve and Wuru Kayero and Wahabu Wiasi corridor sites (score, disaggregated); – Pre-feasibility studies conducted for new large-scale multipurpose water storage investments (number).

Project components

Component 1: Capacity building for integrated spatial planning

This component will provide integrated spatial planning tools to strengthen the capacity of SADA and relevant implementing agencies to guide and undertake decision-making for investment across the northern savanna region. Spatial planning will take into account ecological units such as watershed and is expected to result in the identification of both large-scale water and flood management infrastructure investments, and the community and individually based land and natural resource management programs that should complement them.

Component 2: Water and Land Management

This component will fund technical assistance, equipment, incremental operating costs, and direct incentives (a mixture of inputs and direct payments) to support community flood and land management at the micro-watershed level, including both management of agricultural land and ecological infrastructure. It will also be integrated with labor-intensive civil works investments in small-scale flood and water management infrastructure through SOP to provide for a comprehensive approach.

Component 3: Project management, monitoring and coordination

This component will support technical assistance, operating costs and where necessary equipment for incremental project management and coordination activities. The component will also finance national monitoring of SLWM policy and implementation, and an evaluation and strategy for PES to support SLWM in northern Ghana.