Emergency Agriculture Production Support Project
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Proposed Project Development Objective (PDO)
Project development objective: To support communities and producer organizations in increasing (i) the production of selected crops and livestock species in selected areas of the Recipient‘s territory; and (ii) the use of sustainable land and water management practices in climate vulnerable ecosystems.
Component 1: Provision of agricultural inputs
This component is the emergency component of the Project. The overall objective of the component is to increase access of targeted households to seeds and animal feed. Consistent with the request received from the Republic of Chad, Component 1 will complement crisis relief interventions already being supported by the Recipient and other development partners. It will support the purchase of 128 tons of seeds and 2,800 tons of animal feed, to be distributed at no cost to 23,500 small-scale farmers and herders in zones that have been most severely affected by the drought, including Guéra, Kanem, and Bahr El Ghazel.
Households in Kanem and Bahr El Ghazel will be provided with animal feed only, while households in Guera will be provided with seeds only. The free distribution of agricultural inputs will continue throughout the 2012-13 growing season. The seeds will be sufficient to plant approximately 15,000 hectares to cereals, including approximately 11,250 hectares planted to rainfed sorghum and approximately 3,750 hectares planted to flood-recession sorghum. Assuming normal rainfall patterns, use of these seeds is expected to lead to production of an additional 10,500 tons of cereals. The animal feed to be distributed will be sufficient to keep alive approximately 42,500 head of animals (cattle, goats, and sheep).
Component 1 will also support the provision of training in the proper use of the inputs being distributed, as well as related topics. The training will be delivered by public agencies having the requisite knowledge and implementation capacity, as well as by NGOs and private service providers. A communications campaign will be organized to underscore the emergency nature of the inputs distribution scheme, so beneficiaries will understand that it is a one-off program intended to kick-start food production in the targeted zones. Measures being taken to improve the readiness of the Project to procure and distribute agricultural inputs are described in Annex 1.
The relatively modest size of Component 1 relative to the other Project components stems from two considerations: (i) due to the seasonal nature of agriculture, the window of opportunity is very small to disburse funds effectively in the next few months; and (ii) the Recipient has signaled clearly that emergency relief support is being provided by other organizations such as WFP, and it would like the World Bank to focus on recovery activities designed to rebuild the productive base of agriculture.
Component 2: Support to food production
The overall objective of this component is to increase crop and livestock production and enhance productivity. Component 2 will have two disbursement windows, focusing respectively on investments to benefit communities (micro-projects) and investments to benefit producer organizations (sub-projects). The latter disbursement window will be used to direct resources to two beneficiary groups: producer organizations (50 percent) and women‘s groups (50 percent).
Micro-projects and sub-projects identified in the Local Development Plans (LDPs) that are being prepared with support from the LDPSP-II project will be eligible for funding. Component 2 will include three sub-components, corresponding to the three target groups: (i) Basic agricultural infrastructure for rural communities; (ii) Productive assets for producer organizations; and (iii) Income generating assets for women. LDCF resources will be used to finance the additional costs associated with improving the efficiency, sustainability, and climate resilience of productive investments, consistent with the NAPA priorities.
Component 3: Sustainable land and ecosystem management
The overall objectives of this component, which will complement the investments financed under Component 2, are to enhance sustainable management of land and water resources and to support protection of vulnerable ecosystems. Component 3 will include two sub-components: (i) Sustainable land management and climate change adaptation; and (ii) Ecosystem management.
Component 4: Capacity building and institutional support to public services
The overall objective of this component is to support implementation of Components 1, 2, and 3 of the Project. Component 4 will provide institutional support to MAI, MEF, and the Ministry of Pastoral Development and Animal Production (MPDAP), as well as to their related decentralized services involved in implementation. This support will be used to: (i) assist communities and producer organizations in preparing and implementing their investments; (ii) provide services to Rural Councils (RCs) to help with the monitoring, management, and maintenance of infrastructure; (iii) provide services including training to producer organizations in the areas of animal health and animal nutrition; and (iv) contribute to the monitoring of Project-supported activities. Component 4 will also support apex producer organizations. The national PCU will establish MOUs with each of the implementing agencies specifying the support to be provided.
Component 4 will also finance workshops, training sessions, and seminars for public service providers. The budget will cover goods and equipment, consulting services, training and study tours, and operating costs.
Component 5: Project coordination and management will support project implementation
The overall objective of this component is to support project implementation, including operating costs of a lean PCU with offices at national, regional, and local levels. The PCU will be established under MAI. Core PCU staff at national and regional levels will be recruited competitively by an international firm. The PCU will be responsible for day-to-day project management, implementation, fiduciary management, and overall monitoring and evaluation (M&E). The operational costs of the Project Steering Committee (PSC) will be supported. The Project will finance the establishment and operating costs of an M&E unit, the preparation of the PIM and other required operational manuals (Project Financial, Procurement and Administrative Manual, Governance and Anti-Corruption Plan).