Land management is extremely important when you talk about agriculture. Sustainable land management is integral in providing environmental, economic, and social opportunities for the benefit of present and future generations while maintaining and enhancing the quality of the land (soil, water, and air). 

Poor land management often leads to production risk. Production risk is basically projected outcomes on yield and how to manage them keeping all the different variables in mind such as weather, pests, diseases, and the interaction of technology with other farm and management characteristics, genetics, machinery efficiency, and the quality of inputs.

This is where sustainable land management comes in encouraging farmers to use sustainable developmental practices while tilling their land allowing the land to lay fallow for some time to recover and allowing ecosystems to thrive which in turn combat climate change. 

The pillars of sustainable land management are to maintain and enhance production, reduce the level of production risk, and enhance soil capacity to buffer against degradation processes, protect the potential of natural resources and prevent degradation of soil and water quality (protection), be economically viable, be socially acceptable, and assure access to the benefits from improved land management.

Production risk can be managed in several ways, for instance, crop insurance or enterprise diversification. Contractual agreements also work. However, it is not feasible to grow crops in the wrong environment. Soil quality, land degradation, and agrobiodiversity are crucial factors to consider when looking at production risk. These key factors are all guided by previous land management. If the farmers in charge of the land were not managing the land in a sustainable way, then it’s unlikely that the land would be in a good condition to grow crops thus increasing production risk immensely. Modern technologies available can also help in this battle to help balance and improve land previously misused

Scientists strongly believe that the way forward is to invest heavily in more directed research to better understand how other elements, such as water quality, forest land quality, rangeland quality, land contamination and pollution tie in with other factors such as land management, economic viability, system resilience, and social equity and acceptability to better determine what practices and technologies need to be adopted in the future.

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